Elliptical riders use an arrangement of links known to the kinematics community as four-bar linkage. The pedals are attached to the floating link referred to as the coupler. The first published work on the subject of elliptical path generation is given in 1988 by researchers at Purdue University in which the path of a point on the floating link is shown to approximately follow an elliptical shape.[3] In 1995, Precor introduced the Elliptical Fitness Crosstrainer (EFX),[4] the first piece of exercise equipment to allow the foot to roll from heel to toe just like in running. Its patented mechanism weds a rear flywheel with a forward foot pedal, creating a smooth, elliptical movement. This is key to foot comfort and reduces numbing of the foot experienced on other stationary cardio equipment.
Jump up ^ Brown, Gregory A.; Cook, Chad M.; Krueger, Ryan D.; Heelan, Kate A. (2010-6). "Comparison of energy expenditure on a treadmill vs. an elliptical device at a self-selected exercise intensity". Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 24 (6): 1643–1649. doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181cb2854. ISSN 1533-4287. PMID 20453685. Check date values in: |date= (help)
Cushioned tread can provide slightly lower impact training than running on outdoor surfaces. Although cushioned belts have mostly been deprecated out of use and cushioned replacement belts may be hard to find, many treadmills have rubber or urethane deck elastomers (cushions) which are superior in cushioning and last longer than cushioned belts. There were for a time banana shaped flexible decks that were among the very best as far as cushioning that were priced at a midrange level, but currently these are not being sold, perhaps because of the increased manufacturing cost of making the flexible deck. Cushioned belts also don't last as long as regular belts due to their construction out of weaker materials. For calorie burning, incline can be used to significantly reduce impact for a given rate of energy use.

Treadmill desks make it easy to stay fit while being productive. We all know sitting at a desk all day is hazardous to our health, and using a treadmill desk can help to alleviate those health concerns by keeping you on your feet versus plopped in a desk all day. Top features we have considered on these treadmills include an ergonomic design where everything is in reach and also adjustable, as well as the motor to ensure these models are both quiet and powerful. Read More…
How does treadmill cushioning work? It's not like the stuffing in a couch; it's more like the suspension or shock absorption system for an automobile. Under its workout belt, the typical treadmill has a 1" thick deck made of wood or a wood-like synthetic material. Running on the deck would be similar to running on a sidewalk -- except that under the deck, and supported by the treadmill's steel frame, are shock absorbers. An example of cheap shock absorbers is metal springs. Higher quality treadmill cushioning components are elastomer grommets, usually made from natural rubber.
Which is the best treadmill for home use? Regardless of your fitness level, if you’re looking for a great all around quality treadmill that is feature-packed, we recommend spending roughly $1,500. The following list contains our ten best buy picks and consumer favorites, which are great treadmills for a majority of users and are around this price range.
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